Torquemada (Edward Powys Mathers), who starred for The Saturday Westminster from 1925 and for The Observer from 1926 until his death in 1939, was the first Setter to use exclusively enigmatic clues and often considered the inventor of the cryptic crossword.  Cryptic crossword puzzles are available in two main types: basic cryptic, where each answer is normally entered into the diagram, and “thematic” or “variety” cryptic, where some or all of the answers must be modified before entering, normally based on a hidden pattern or rule that must be detected by the Solver. Sometimes, “Compiler”,” or the compiler`s name or codename (if visible by crossword puzzles) codes for a form of pronoun “me, me, mine, mine.” In Britain, the tradition – starting with the enigmatic crossword pioneer Edward (Bill) Powys Mathers (1892-1939) who was called “Torquemada” after the Spanish inquisitor – uses evocative pseudonyms. “Crispa”, named from Latin for “loop”, who put crossword puzzles for the Guardian from 1954 until his retirement in 2004, changed his surname to “Crisp” after the divorce of the 1970s. Some pseudonyms have obvious connotations: for example Torquemada, as described above, or “Mephisto” with quite obvious diabolical tones. Others are chosen for logical but less obvious reasons, although “Dinmutz” (late Bert Danher in the Financial Times) was made by random selection of Scrabble tiles. A typical reference consists of two parts, the definition and the pun. It offers two ways to get the answer.    This type of reference is common in British and Canadian crypts, but somewhat rarer in American cryptics; In American-style crossword puzzles, a clue like this is usually called punny Clue.
This is almost certainly the oldest type of enigmatic clue: the cryptic definitions that appeared in British newspapers in the late 1920s and early 1930s, mixing enigmatic and simple definition references and increasingly enigmatic crossword puzzles. the answer would veto; in the enigmatic sense of the word, the spoil works as an angram indicator for voting, while the whole mention with some license for crossword puzzles is a definition….